(1471 – 1528)
Albrecht Dürer was a German painter, engraver, printmaker, mathematician, and theorist from Nuremberg.
He has been conventionally regarded as the greatest artist of the Northern Renaissance because of his high-quality woodcuts (nowadays often called Meisterstiche or “master prints”).
His vast body of work includes altarpieces, religious works, numerous portraits and self-portraits, and copper engravings.
His well-known prints include the Knight, Death, and the Devil (1513), Saint Jerome in his Study (1514) and Melencolia I (1514).
His watercolours also mark him as one of the first European landscape artists.
Between 1507 and 1511 Dürer worked on some of his most celebrated paintings: Adam and Eve (1507), The Martyrdom of the Ten Thousand (1508, for Frederick of Saxony), Virgin with the Iris (1508), the altarpiece Assumption of the Virgin (1509, for Jacob Heller of Frankfurt), and Adoration of the Trinity (1511, for Matthaeus Landauer). During this period he also completed two woodcut series, the Great Passion and the Life of the Virgin, both published in 1511 together with a second edition of the Apocalypse series.
Between 1513 and 1514 Dürer created his three most famous engravings: Knight, Death, and the Devil (1513, probably based on Erasmus’s treatise Enchiridion militis Christiani), St. Jerome in his Study, and the much-debated Melencolia I (both 1514).
Dürer’s work on human proportions is called the Four Books on Human Proportion (Vier Bücher von Menschlicher Proportion) of 1528.
[The biographical information is credited to ©Wikipedia Website]
Albrecht Dürer – Gallery
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