Alexander Pavlovich Brullov
(1798 – 1877)
Alexander Pavlovich Brullov was a Russian artist; it was associated with the latest phase of the Russian Neoclassicism.
His name was spelled Brulleau until 1822, when the family name was changed according to Russian pronunciation, sometimes also spelled Brulloff.
Alexander Brullov was born in Saint Petersburg into a family of French artists: his great grandfather, his grandfather, his father and his brothers (including Karl Brullov) were artists. His first teacher was his father Paul Brulloff.
After he attended the Imperial Academy of Arts’ architect class from 1810 to 1820, and graduated with honors, was sent to Europe to study art and architecture as a pensioner of the Society for the Promotion of Artists. He spent eight years abroad from 1822 to 1830, in Italy, Germany and France, studying architecture and art. He painted a lot of watercolor portraits at that time.
In 1831, after his return to Russia, he was appointed professor of the Imperial Academy of Arts and these were the years when he created his best architectural projects. Among others, he designed and built the following buildings in St. Petersburg: Mikhailovsky Theatre (now Maliy Theater, 1831–1833), Lutheran Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul on Nevsky Prospekt (1833–1838), Pulkovo Observatory (1834–1839), the Headquarters of Guard Corps on Palace Square (1837–1843). He was one of the main architects of the reconstruction of the Winter Palace after the fire of 1837. He designed many striking interiors there including the Pompei Hall, the Malachite Room, and the White Hall.
Alexander Brullov was also talented painter. One of the best portraits created by A. Brulloff at this period was a portrait of Natalya Goncharova-Pushkina. (1831), wife of the Russian poet Alexander Pushkin. Alexander Brulloff also made illustrations for the books and magazines.
[The biographical information is credited to ©Wikipedia Website]
Alexander Pavlovich Brullov (Brulloff)
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