Relationship Between Art And Society: Mimesis


Relationship Between Art And Society: Mimesis

 


18-Relationship Between Art And Society-Mimesis

 

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The relationship between art and society: Mimesis as discussed in the works of Aristotle, Plato, Horace and Longinus The relationship between art and society in the works of Plato are based upon his idea of the world of eternal Forms. He believed that there is a world of eternal, absolute and immutable Forms (the world of the Ideal) and thought that this is proven by when man is faced with the appearance of anything in the material world, his mind is moved to a remembrance of the Idea or an absolute and immutable version of the thing he sees. It is this moment of recollection that he wonders about the contrast between the world of shadows and the world of the Ideal. It is in this moment of wondering that man struggles to reach the world of Forms through the use of reason. Anything then that does not serve reason is the enemy of man. Given this, it is only but logical that poetry should be eradicated from society. Poetry shifts man’s focus away from reason by presenting man with imitations of objects from theconcrete world. Poetry, with its focus on mimesis or imitation, has no moral value. While Plato sees reality as a shadow of a realm of pure Ideas (which in turn is copied by art), Aristotle sees reality as a process of partially realized forms moving towards their ideal realizations. Given this idea by Aristotle, the mimetic quality of art is redefined as the duplication of the living process of nature and its need to reach its potential form. Art then for Aristotle does not become the enemy of society if the artist is loyal in the representation of the process of becoming in nature. Horace, like Aristotle and Plato, also brings to view a theory of poetry as mimesis. He believes that a poet should imitate real life and real manners in a similarly real language of the times. This is because of his belief of the importance of the audience’s response to art. Horace focuses on the conventions that an artist must fulfill so that the expectations of the audience may be met. The audience of that time was composed of both the equites , who expected amusement from art, and the senatores , who expected beneficial lessons from art, and so the artist must know his craft and the conventions of his craft so that art may fulfill its ultimate role in society which is both to create pleasure and to instruct. Longinus believed that great art relied on the innate greatness of the artist soul. He believed that a writer taps into to his natural ability when creating great art. This quality is what is called sublimity. This idea of sublimity proposes that naturally gifted writers have the ability to create moving thoughts and emotions that impacts on his reader. But the writer, though he has innate genius, is still dependent on society, for great writing is a honing of the great soul through the knowledge and imitation (mimesis) of previous tradition (previous tradition of writers).

 

Bibliography

David Richter, Critical Tradition.

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About Crafts


About Crafts

03-About Crafts

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Craft

 

Art (ärt)n. · Human effort to imitate, supplement, alter, or counteract the work of nature.· The conscious production or arrangement of sounds, colors, forms, movements, or other elements in a manner that affects the sense of beauty, specifically the production of the beautiful in a graphic or plastic medium.

 

Craft (kr ft)n.

 

· Skill in doing or making something, as in the arts; proficiency.

 

· To make by hand.

 

· To make or construct (something) in a manner suggesting great care or ingenuity.

 

Craft, the word has been with man for ages. There are unique mysteries in life that are usually provoking the true nature of reality, as us humans become aware of it. The genealogy of a man is equal to the idea that the term “craft” has evolved so beyond the understanding of the human mind. A skill in the form of an advanced, detailed, or progressive (movement) in the ability to perform with great skill in one view of behavioral science cannot be determined by meaning alone. It is a difficult word to be defined.

 

The term craft I would mainly determine to be defined as the assemblage of objects that has some sort of interconnection to art, but it depends on the complexity of what is being built. After doing the many projects in class I have many different views on how craft is defined. A good example that would sort of involves both, primitive art and art deco in a small sense. Some of the African statues that are carved would have some geometric designs, (which relates to the way in which the style of art deco slightly falls in) is that would sometimes mean something in its own way. A person who could be making it for any kind of reason would usually make these sculptures by hand. Using his or her tools to be cutting into the material so that they can successfully make something with such craftsmanship, worth looking at. That is craft. Something like a fireplace with a few different color tiles that make a minor design, I deeply hesitate to call art or craft because of the fact that it seems to be so simple and isn’t really hand crafted completely. That is just one example of art deco. When you look at the way some of the different buildings interior is made, in terms of the sculptures, paintings and furniture you may have a completely different view in what you think in your mind. Whatever technique they use to build the items with the different combination of colors etc. makes the final product look alluring to the eye. But with a mind creative enough it can done by anyone. Which makes me conclude my own opinion that art deco is not a craft that requires much skill.

 

Whether it is a plaster plate, a personal icon made of a cardboard tube, beading, or maybe even a mosaic pot. Art is to me the end result of an individual or a groups crafting. There are some numerous different ways of making crafts, and what we have covered in class is not a fraction of a percent of the contrasting types that is out there. Some people can have a tendency to take it more to heart then others, as well as get inspired from various kinds of things. Although some of the contrasting styles are old and ancient, the different styles are used across the world everywhere by the diverse artists that have a great competence in those areas. To people who have not yet fully explored the fundamentals of craft would not see most of the complexity that has to do with it. So they are not able to express their feelings and emotions through their work in what ever they may be making.

 

 

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Art Quotes V


Art Quotes V

 

17-Art Quotes V

 

If art, all art, is concerned with truth, then a society in denial will not find much in use for it.

©JEANETTE WINTERSON, Art Objects

There is no logical reason why the camel of great art should pass through the needle of mob intelligence.

©REBECCA WEST, The Strange Necessity

While our art cannot, as we wish it could, save us from wars, privation, envy, greed, old age, or death, it can revitalize us amidst it all.

©RAY BRADBURY, preface, Zen in the Art of Writing

That art is best which suggests most.

©AUSTIN O’MALLEY, Keystones of Thought

For the enjoyment of the artist the mask must be to some extent moulded on the face. What he makes outside him must correspond to something inside him; he can only make his effects out of some of the materials of his soul.

©G. K. CHESTERTON, The Dagger with Wings

The artist, like the God of creation, remains within or behind or beyond or above his handiwork, invisible, refined out of existence, indifferent, paring his fingernails.

©JAMES JOYCE, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man

If the world were clear, art would not exist.

©ALBERT CAMUS, The Myth of Sisyphus

Art Quotes IV


Art Quotes IV

 

16-Art Quotes IV

 

 

There is no surer way of evading the world than by Art; and no surer way of uniting with it than by Art.

©JOHANN WOLFGANG VON GOETHE, The Maxims and Reflections of Goethe

The great artist when he comes, uses everything that has been discovered or known about his art up to that point, being able to accept or reject in a time so short it seems that the knowledge was born with him, rather than that he takes instantly what it takes the ordinary man a lifetime to know, and then the great artist goes beyond what has been done or known and makes something of his own.

©ERNEST HEMINGWAY, Death in the Afternoon

Art is man’s constant effort to create for himself a different order of reality from that which is given to him.

©CHINUA ACHEBE, Hopes and Impediments

The artist has some internal experience that produces a poem, a painting, a piece of music. Spectators submit themselves to the work, which generates an inner experience for them. But historically it’s a very new, not to mention vulgar, idea that the spectator’s experience should be identical to, or even have anything to do with, the artist’s. That idea comes from an over-industrialized society which has learned to distrust magic.

©SAMUEL R. DELANY, Dhalgren

No art is possible without a dance with death.

©KURT VONNEGUT, Slaughterhouse-Five

Art is the Mirror of our betrayed ideals.

©DORIS LESSING, The Golden Notebook

Art is the one form of human energy in the whole world, which really works for union, and destroys the barriers between man and man. It is the continual, unconscious replacement, however fleeting, of oneself by another; the real cement of human life; the everlasting refreshment and renewal. For, what is grievous, dompting, grim, about our lives is that we are shut up within ourselves, with an itch to get outside ourselves. And to be stolen away from ourselves by Art is a momentary relaxation from that itching, a minute’s profound, and as it were secret, enfranchisement.

©JOHN GALSWORTHY, Vague Thoughts on Art

The aim of every artist is to arrest motion, which is life, by artificial means and hold it fixed so that a hundred years later, when a stranger looks at it, it moves again.

©WILLIAM FAULKNER, The Paris Review, spring 1956

In art as in lovemaking, heartfelt ineptitude has its appeal and so does heartless skill, but what you want is passionate virtuosity.

©JOHN BARTH, attributed, Passionate Virtuosity: The Fiction of John Barth

Art is a collaboration between God and the artist, and the less the artist does the better.

©ANDRE GIDE, Autumn Leaves

Art Quotes III


Art Quotes III

 

15-Art Quotes III

 

It is the function of art to renew our perception. What we are familiar with we cease to see. The writer shakes up the familiar scene, and as if by magic, we see a new meaning in it.

©ANAIS NIN, quoted in The Wordsworth Dictionary of Quotations

All art is at once surface and symbol. Those who go beneath the surface do so at their peril.

©OSCAR WILDE, The Picture of Dorian Gray

Art at its greatest is fantastically deceitful and complex.

©VLADIMIR NABOKOV, Strong Opinions

All passes. Art alone

Enduring stays to us;

The Bust outlasts the throne,–

The Coin, Tiberius.

©HENRY AUSTIN DOBSON, Ars Victrix

It was the job of art to bring true feelings alive. To shock people into awareness.

©MICHAEL CRICHTON, Next

The work of art is a scapegoat surplus product, a dispensable cliché of form and meaning, having only the value the spectator–the symbol of society at large–gives it as he encounters it in the no man’s land of the gallery or museum. He victimizes it and is victimized by it; he is ambivalent about it as it is in itself. It has a certain amount of authority, yet no more than he gives it by channeling his life-energy in its forms. In other words, it forces him to recognize his own authoritarian style, i.e., his tendency to treat his own identity as a finished form, but at the same time possessed of an energy that contradicts that form by reashing for other identities. The work of art teaches the spectator that he too is communaal cliché and unfinished expression.

©DONALD BURTON KUSPIT, Redeeming Art: Critical Reveries

If they who understand the utmost refinement of any art will enjoy the perfection of it in a manner superior to other men, will they not amply pay for that advantage in feeling more than other men the imperfection of it, which in the natural course of things must so much oftener fall in their way?

©FULKE GREVILLE, Maxims, Characters, and Reflections

Computers creating art is an upsetting concept mostly because of what it means about humans.

©JASON LEE MILLER, “Automated Content Will Unmake Existence”

True art, like nature, ever bears

Suggestions of some higher thing;

As more than form or tint of bird

We prize the song he stops to sing.

©EDITH WILLIS LINN FORBES, “A Landscape in Oils”

Art is not Nature, art is Nature digested. Art is a sublime excrement.

©GEORGE MOORE, Confessions of a Young Man

Art Quotes II


Art Quotes II

 

12-Art Quotes II

 

Art is a microscope which the artist fixes on the secrets of his soul, and shows to people these secrets which are common to all.

©LEO TOLSTOY, Diary

There are only two styles of portrait painting: the serious and the smirk.

©CHARLES DICKENS, Nicholas Nickleby

Without tradition, art is a flock of sheep without a shepherd. Without innovation, it is a corpse.

©WINSTON CHURCHILL, speech to Royal Academy of Art, 1953

Art is not a handicraft, it is the transmission of feeling the artist has experienced.

©LEO TOLSTOY, What is Art?

Every work of art is an uncommitted crime.

©THEODOR WIESENGRUND ADORNO, Minima Moralia

It is the glory and good of Art,

That Art remains the one way possible

Of speaking truths, to mouths like mine at least.

©ROBERT BROWNING, The Ring and the Book

Perhaps there is no other way of reaching some understanding of being than through art? Writers themselves don’t analyze what they do; to analyze would be to look down while crossing a canyon on a tightrope. To say this is not to mystify the process of writing but to make an image out of the intense inner concentration the writer must have to cross the chasms of the aleatory and make them the word’s own, as an explorer plants a flag.

©NADINE GORDIMER, Nobel Lecture, Dec. 7, 1991

 

Art is a jealous mistress.

©RALPH WALDO EMERSON, Conduct of Life